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Monthly Archives: July 2012

BRIBERY OR PRESENTS IN ISLAM – RASUAH ATAU HADIAH DALAM ISLAM

by mthago
Bribery or in malay rasuah is a rampant activities in many countries, either Muslims or non-Muslim countries. In some countries the activities of bribery or rasuah has become a way of life. Bribery in those countries has become so common, to the extent; it is no longer regarded as evil. In order for any applications to the government to be processed promptly, in those countries rampant with bribery, a person must give bribes. Most governments in those countries were trying to curb bribery but without much success. Most governments know, bribery is endangering the very survival of their nations. When bribery is not eradicated, many are able to do illegal activities or activities without observing standard procedures. Foreign investors would not like to invest in those countries where bribery is a way of life because it is unprofitable to invest in those countries. It is unprofitable because in such countries, business activities will not comply with procedures of international standard making the qualities of product to decreased and become unmarketable. In countries rampant with bribery, the rich will be able to run away from procedures by giving bribe. The most eligible persons may be deprived of many opportunities because they could not give bribe, because they are poor. On the other hand, the least eligible persons can have many opportunities because they are rich and can give bribe. In countries rampant with bribery, the poor becomes poorer and the rich becomes richer.

  • Bribery is evil and it causes injustices to prevail in the communities. With bribery the rich can have whatever they want and the poor will be at the mercy of the rich. With bribery, illegal things can become legal; falsehood can become the truth and the one who is not eligible can become eligible. Allah has forbidden Muslims from giving and accepting bribery. Bribery is regarded as evils in Islam. Bribery is rampant mainly in poor Muslims countries. In poor countries, many are forced to practice bribery, because the amount of salary earned by an average worker cannot even meet their needs. When their needs are not met, the poor has to accept bribery in order to fulfill their needs. It is a normal rule; when there are markets for a product, the products will be produced according to the market demand. In poor countries, there are many who want to accept a bribe and there are also many who want to give a bribe.

    As an example a policeman in a poor country is having a wife and three children. Eid celebration is coming and all the children and the wife need food to eat and new clothes to wear during the celebration. It so happen during that time the policeman does not have enough money to buy all those needs. If there is an opportunity during this time to get more money, will the policeman grab such opportunity or he will avoid it? One day while on his duty the policeman has caught a man driving without a license and according to the law, summon should be given to that person. The person pleaded to the policeman not to give him summons and in return the person promises to the policeman to give him some amount of money. What would the policeman do in this situation? Should he gives summon or should he not? In the mind of the policeman are pictures of his wife and children, who will go without food and new clothes during the next coming eid festival. Realizing this, the police immediately come to the conclusion that he needs the money. Without much hesitation the policeman decided to accept the money. This is called bribery or rasuah. Bribery is sinful. When a Muslim committed an act of bribery, syaitan will inject delicious sensation or lazat in his heart, which will make the Muslim to continue committing the act of bribery. Once a Muslims has accepted a bribe, the next time, he will certainly accept another bribe. In this way the activities of bribery increase and become common and rampant among Muslims.

    Bribery is not done only by policeman but also by other government officers. Whoever can impart power to the public will be prone to bribery. According to a survey conducted in Malaysia, only those who are working in the weather forecast department were less prone to bribery while other officers in other ministries are susceptible to bribery. Let take a case, on how officers in the Ministry of Housing can commit bribery in Malaysia. Government of Malaysia wants to build five thousand houses for the low income groups and the government welcomes all the private companies to participate in the projects. All private companies who would like to participate in the project are requested to submit their proposal to the government which include their company profile and the costs of the project. In order to avoid bribery, the government ordered the selections of the companies to be based on open tender and the company which has quoted the lowest cost to the government will be selected to take up the project. It happens during that time, the officer who is in charge of the project has so many debts to pay and the current salary that he draws is not sufficient to pay for the debts and the expenses of his luxurious lifestyle. Immediately the officer sees that, this project gives him the opportunity to commit bribery. He sees that in this project he can commit bribery because he knows that the power to decide to whom the project should be given lies in his hand.

    He knows that the project should be given to the contractor who quoted the lowest prices to the government. Since he wants money so deliberately, he starts to make plan on how to commit bribery. He has committed many acts of bribery in the past and until now; no one could get hold of him. He thinks this time as in the past; he will commit bribery and as usual he will escape from being caught by the authority. He started to negotiates with one contractor who is the director of a company named A, and promises to the contractor that the project will certainly be given to his company, provided the company is willing to quote the lowest prices as ordered by him and in return the company should give him a one percent share of the profit. On the day when all the companies including company A, are called to present their proposals to the committee, the person in-charge of the project who had done negotiation previously with director of company A, also happens to be the decision maker in the meeting, will definitely choose company A to undertake the housing project. In reality the project has been given by direct negotiation and not by open tender. The meeting is conducted only to camouflage to the higher authority that the project is given by open tender. This action is call bribery. The officer has misused the power that he has and instead of using the power, to benefit the government, he uses the power to benefit himself. On the surface, it looks as if everything is done according to procedures but in reality bribery is being committed. When such sinful acts are committed in such project, the blessing or in Malay the Berkah of the project is gone. When the blessing or the Berkah of the project is gone, the government, instead of building low cost houses for the poor is building high cost houses, of lower quality to the poor.

    Because of bribery the poor need to pay much higher costs for a house of much lower quality. Since everything on the surface is conducted according to procedures, the government fails to smell the aroma of bribery in the project. Because of bribery, the poor has to pay more for a lower quality houses. Houses built with bribery will not have qualities. In short, when any acts of bribery are involved in any projects, the end result, the projects will have lower qualities. Not only government officers can commit bribery, ministers also commit bribery. How ministers commit bribery? A minister can commit bribery even on major projects. The power to give major projects is only in the hand of ministers. When a person becomes a minister, he or she cannot own companies. This rule is made in order to prevent the minister from committing bribery but on the other hand the ministers can have companies by appointing others to be his or her proxies. Proxies are persons who are made by the minister to become the directors of companies own by the ministers and who would do exactly according to the wishes and the orders of the ministers.

    The minister will gives many projects associated with his or her ministry to the company belong to his or her proxies. In this way, the ministers are seen to the public eyes as not committing any acts of bribery. In reality, briberies are rampantly committed. Almost all ministers in the world commit bribery and because of bribery many ministers in the world have become millionaires and billionaires. In order to avoid from being track, the ministers will keep their money in banks outside their countries. In order to give the projects only to companies belong to his or her proxies, most of the projects given by ministers are of direct negotiations. Some companies belong to the ministers do not have technological competency and in order to make the projects a success, the project need to be given to another sub-contractor who are competent technologically. The projects are given to the sub-contractor provided the sub-contractor can pay commission of certain percent to the main contractor which actually belongs to the ministers. In this ways the ministers made millions of dollars. Commission to the ministers, causes an increase in the cost of the project and in order to compensate for the increase in cost, the sub-contractors would use cheaper materials of lower quality which do not comply with international standards.

    When a person becomes a minister, many businessmen would like to become the cronies of the minister. When a person becomes the cronies of a minister it would be easy for that person to obtain projects from the ministers. Ministers will surely give projects to his friends, members of his families and cronies. In order to become cronies to the minister, ones need to become friendly to the ministers. In order to become friendly with the ministers, ones must attend all the functions attended by the ministers and must give expensive services or presents to the minister. Businessmen give presents to the ministers because the businessmen want the ministers to give them projects. It is actually not a present but a bribe. What present should be given to the ministers? In order to know the correct present to be given to the minister, the businessmen must know what does the minister loves most? In case the minister loves women, the businessmen will give the minister, women as present. In case the minister loves expensive cars the businessmen will give the minister expensive cars. How would the businessmen give to the minister, beautiful women? The businessmen will give the minister a free air tickets to some tourist destination and accompanying the minister is a beautiful woman who will acts as social escort to the minister. All food and hotel expenses for both the minister and the woman are fully paid by the businessman. In the name of a free holiday package to the minister, the businessmen are actually bribing the minister. In case the minister loves expensive cars, the businessman will send as a present to the minister an expensive car park in front of the minister’s house. It looks as if the car is a present to the minister but actually it is a bribe to the minister. Will a businessman give an expensive car to another man whom he has no vested interest? The presents are not given to the ministers for nothing. The businessman gives the present to the minister because he wants the minister to give him projects. In Islam that is not a present but a bribe or rasuah. In Islam a person who holds power cannot receive presents from anyone who in the past had never given him any presents.

    As for an example, Ahmad had never invited Hussein who happens to be his neighbour for food in his house. Only when Hussein is appointed as minister, Ahmad invites Hussein for food in his house. In Islam the action of Ahmad is an act of bribery. Hussein should not accept bribe. Ahmad invitation to Hussein to have food in his house is an act of bribery and must be politely turned down by Hussein. Ahmad is committing bribery because the invitation is not sincere. Ahmad invited Hussein to have food in his house in order to gain closeness to Hussein. Once Ahmad is closed with Hussein, Ahmad will use the closeness to gains material wealth from Hussein. The intention of the invitation is not sincere and it has an ultra motive behind it. Inviting someone for food in our house is a good action when the intention is to please Allah. When the intention is not to please Allah, the action is an act of bribery or rasuah. A person who holds power should not accept presents from those who in the past had never given him any presents. Muslims are not allowed to give and to accept bribery.

    Allah allows Muslims to accept presents but not bribe or rasuah. When Muslims eat foods given as a bribe, the foods are haram and those who eat even a morsel of haram foods, their prayers (doa) in forty days will not be accepted by Allah. As a precaution it is wise for those who holds power not to accept hadiah or presents from anyone. It is wise for those who holds power not to receive presents or hadiah but to gives presents or hadiah to others. Once a man who holds power accepts presents or hadiah, he will have the tendency in the future to accept more presents or hadiah. All government servants who are in the position to give contracts and projects must not accept presents from the public. If we want to abolish bribery, prime minister, ministers and all government officers who have power to give projects must not be allowed to receive presents from the public. Whatever forms of presents given to person with power are in reality not a presents but a bribe. Even a present as small as a pen given to a person who holds power is an act of bribery. It is wise not to accept at all any presents from the public. Bribery is rampant in poor countries such as Indonesia and Bangladesh. In Indonesia, bribery is practiced even in matters; as to enter universities or to obtain employment from the government. In such poor countries as Indonesia the salaries of the policeman are very low. The received salary in a month of an ordinary policeman in Indonesia cannot even fulfill their monthly basic needs. Situation in Indonesia has forced them to practice bribery. In order to be able to live in highly competitive society, a person in Indonesia is forced to practice bribery in order to become even a policeman, a soldier or government teachers. We cannot expect a teacher or policemen in Indonesia not to practice bribery when at the beginning of their career, they are forced to practice bribery. In Indonesia, only the rich can practice bribery and only the rich can become government teachers, policemen, studied in government universities and to become soldiers. The poor cannot afford to practice bribery and so in Indonesia the poor will remain as farmers or general labourers. In my opinion, bribery in Indonesia can never be eradicated until the government is able to solve the problem of poverty in Indonesia.

    How to eradicate bribery? Bribery is synonymous with poverty. In order to eradicate bribery the government must eradicate poverty. Government must create more jobs by encouraging labour intensive industries. There must be a minimum salary for private as well as government workers. With the minimum amount of salary per month a person should be able to fulfill their needs in a month and with some extra money for holiday. In order to eradicate bribery, instead of the love of money, the love of Allah must be instilled into the hearts of the peoples. Love of Allah will be in the heart of men, when men are involved in the work of calling peoples to Allah, which mean the non- Muslims are invited to recite the Great Kalimah and Muslims are reminded about the Great Kalimah and be invited to obey all the orders of Allah. Such activities which should be done in jemaah must be established in all the mosques in the countries and all the Muslims living around the mosques must be invited to participate in the activities and the non-Muslims to be invited to become Muslims. Such activities will increase the love of Allah in the hearts of the Muslims and when the love of Allah increases, the love of money decreases. When love of money decreases, the activities of bribery will also decreases. In order to encourage the public to reports to the government about cases involving bribery, the person who made the reports must be rewarded but their names must not be disclosed to the public. In this way bribery in the country can be eradicated. Bribery is indeed the number one enemy of a country and a country rampant with bribery will not become a progressive country.

    Prof. Dr. Nasoha Saabin
    July 2012
    Dean of Faculty of Optometry
    International University College of Technology Twintech
    Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
    Source : http://mthago.com/2012/07/09/bribery-or-presents-in-islam-rasuah-atau-hadiah-dalam-islam/

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    Whoever gives up something for the sake of allah (colored flyer in a printable form)

    Whoever gives up_something_for_the_sake_of_allah_colored_flyer_in_a_printable_form — Document Transcript

  • 1. Whoever gives up something for the sake of Allah, Allah will substitute him with something better In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful All Praise is due to Allah, we praise Him, seek His help, forgiveness and seek ref- uge in Him from the evils of ourselves and the evils of our actions, whomever Allah guides is not to be misled, and whomever He misleads is not to be guided. We tes- tify that there is no god except Allah alone, Who has no partners, and that Muham- mad is His slave and His Messenger, all the prayers and peace of Allah be upon him. Lustrous desires have power over souls; they seize and manage hearts; hence to abandon or get rid of them is hard and difficult. However, whosoever fears Allah and keeps his duty to Him, Allah will suffice him, and whosoever seeks His aid, He will help him: {And whosoever puts his trust in Allâh, then He will suffice him} [Surat At-Talâq: 3] ْ َ َ َ َ َ ْ َّ َ َ َ َ {‫}ومن يتوكل على هللا فهو حسبه‬ 3 :‫الطالق‬ Transliteration: waman yatawakkal AAala Allahi fahuwa hasbuhu He will find it difficult to leave them, who abandon familiar habits and conventions for other than Allah. But he who gives up them sincerely for the sake of Allah will not find it difficult to give them up except at the beginning. This is for him to be tested: is he sincere in giving them up or not, so if he bears this hardship for a short period patiently, the hardship turns into pleasure. The greater the desire for the for- bidden, the greater the soul is desirous to do it, and the more the reasons are there to commit it; then, the greater the reward is when abandoning it. In fact applying self-restraint and getting rid of desires double the reward. Piety is not in contradiction with the natural tendencies to lustrous desires, if they are not committed, and if one strives with oneself to loath them. Rather, this is the gist of jihad and piety. Moreover, whoever gives up something for the sake of Allah, Allah will substitute for him with something better. The substitutes from Allah are various; the greatest of them is to be in the companion of Allah, and to love Him, the peace of heart when remembering Him, its strength and vigor, the satisfaction with his Lord Glorified and Exalted, together with the reward he receives in this worldly life and what he expects of the full reward in the Hereafter.2 http://www.en.wathakker.net
    2. Examples of the things to be left for the sake of Allah and which Allah will better substitute for them: 1.Whoever leaves begging people, asking them humiliatingly, and attaches his ex- pectations to Allah alone, Allah will compensate him by better than that he has abandoned. He will bestow upon him freedom of heart, self-respect and dispensing with people « he who seeks chastity, Allah will help him to be, and chaste he who seeks patience Allah will bestow patience upon him” [Al-Bukhari] »...‫«...ومن يستعفف يعفه هللا،...ومن يتصبر يصبره هللا‬ ‫رواه البخاري‬ 2.Whoever abstains from objecting to what Allah decreed, and acknowledges to his Lord in all his affairs, Allah will bestow upon him satisfaction and tranquility. He will show him good consequences, which may never come to his mind. 3.Whoever desists resorting to foretellers and sorcerers Allah will give him patience, and true commitment to Allah. He will get awareness with Allah’s oneness. 4.Whoever ceases to crave for the world’s benefits, Allah will recompose his affairs, make his richness in his heart, and the world will seek him forcedly. 5.Whoever stops fearing others than Allah, and singles Allah alone with apprehen- sion, he will be protected from illusions, and Allah will provide him with security against any dangers, so his worries will be turned into safety, coolness and peace. 6.Whoever stops lying, and stick to truth in whatever he gets or leaves, he will be guided to Al-birr (piety, righteousness and each and every act of obedience to Al- lah) and he will be before Allah one of the Siddiqûn (those followers of the Prophets who were first and foremost to believe in them, like Abu Bakr As-Siddiq (may Allah be pleased with him). He will be blessed with the tongue of truth among people, so they would confer honor and supremacy upon him and will lend hearing to what he says. 7.Whoever leaves argument, even though he is right, he is guaranteed a house in the middle of paradise. He will be saved from the bad effects of importunity and antagonism. He will maintain the serenity of his heart, and be safeguarded from exposing his defects.3 http://www.en.wathakker.net
    3. 8.That he who leaves fraud in sale and purchase shall increasingly enjoy public con- fidence and his merchandise shall be in great demand. 9.That he who leaves usury and gaining bad money, Allah will bless his living and open before him doors of all that is good and blessings. 10.That he who abandons looking at the forbidden; Allah will compensate him with true discernment, light and clarity, and a joy that he finds in his heart. 11.That he who desists avarice, and prefers openhandedness and generosity, people will love him. He will become nearer to Allah and to paradise, and will be safeguard- ed from worries, gloominess and depression. He will grow increasingly in ranks of perfection and virtuousness {And whosoever is saved from his own covetousness, such are they who will be the successful.} [Surat Al-Hashr: 9] {‫}ومن يوق شح نفسه فأولَئك هم المفلحون‬ ْ َ ِ ُ ُ َ َ ِ ْ َ َّ ُ َ ُ َ َ 9 :‫الحشر‬ Transliteration: waman yooqa shuhha nafsihi faolaika humu almuflihoona 12.Anyone who gives up arrogance and stick to humbleness will increase in domi- nance, prestige, and importance. The Prophet, prayers and peace of Allah be upon him, has said, as narrated by Muslim in his Sahih: »and who humbly submits himself to Allah, Allah will elevate him.« »‫«...ما تواضع أحد هلل إال رفعه هللا‬ ‫رواه مسلم‬ 13.That whosoever deserts the warmth and pleasure of sleeping and gets up to pray to Allah glorified and Exalted, Allah will compensate him with joyfulness, vitality and intimacy. 14.That whosoever gives up smoking, and all other intoxicants: alcoholic drinks and drugs, Allah will aid him and will provide him with His graces. Allah will compensate him with health and true happiness rather than that fake and transient happiness. 15.That whosoever leaves revenge and wreaking, despite his capacity to do so, Al- lah will bounty him with cheerfulness and ease in his heart, as forgiveness include tranquility, and self-honor, characteristics which are absent from revenge. The4 http://www.en.wathakker.net
    4. prophet, prayers and peace of Allah be upon him, has said: “the slave of Allah who forgives, Allah elevates him in the estimation (of the people)”, [Reported by Muslim] »‫«...وما زاد هللا عبدا بعفو إال عزا‬ ‫رواه مسلم‬ 16.That whosoever gets rid of bad companions whom he thinks that in accompany- ing them he will attain his utmost intimacy and pleasure, Allah will reward him with righteous companions, with them he will find pleasure and benefits, and by keep- ing their companion and association he will gain the best of this worldly life and the Hereafter. 17.Anyone who stops consuming much food will be saved from gluttony and other various diseases, because he who too eats much, drinks too much; hence he sleeps too much, the result is that he will lose a lot. 18.Whosoever quits procrastination in paying his debts Allah will help him paying them off. In fact he is really entitled to invoke Allah’s help. 19.That whosoever manages his anger will preserve his pride and dignity; and will keep away from the humiliation of apology and the consequences of remorse. He will enter in the company of the righteous {who repress anger} [Surat Al-’Imrân: 134] َ َْ ْ َ ِ ِ َ ْ {‫}الكاظمين الغيظ‬ 134 :‫آل عمران‬ Transliteration: waalkathimeena alghaytha A man came to the Prophet, prayers and peace of Allah be upon him, and said: O Messenger of Allah, advise me. So he has said: “do not get angry”, [Reported by Al- Bukhari] »‫«أن رجال قال للنبي صلى هللا عليه وسلم: أوصني، قال: ال تغضب‬ ‫رواه البخاري‬ Al-Mâwirdi, may Allah have mercy on him, said: “the one who has sound mind and strong determination should receive the anger flurry patiently with his toleration so he can drive it away, and should meet his fits of anger resolvedly to drive them away; so that he would receive the most honorable goodness, and enjoy sound health.”5 http://www.en.wathakker.net
    5. Abu ‘Abla said: “One day ‘Umar Ibn Abdul-Aziz was very angry with a man. He or- dered him to be punished, so the man was brought, disrobed and pulled in ropes; and whips were brought, but then he said: ‘let him go’ and addressing the man, he said ‘were it not for my anger I would have hurt you.’ Then he recited the verse {who represses anger} [Surat Al-’Imrân: 134] َ َْ ْ َ ِ ِ َ ْ َ {‫}والكاظمين الغيظ‬ 134 :‫آل عمران‬ Transliteration: waalkathimeena alghaytha 20.Whosoever abstains from backbiting and slandering people and looking for their flaws will be compensated with safety from their evils and is provided with insight into himself. Al-Ahnaf Ibn Qais, may Allah be pleased with him, said: «he who is fast in relating to people what they hate, they will say about him what they do not know«. A Bedouin woman, in recommending her son, said: »Beware of exposing the flaws of people, as in this case you will be taken as an aim. Surely an aim will not stand for many arrows .An aim which was afflicted alternately with arrows, immediately its force will be weakened.” Al-Shafei, may Allah have mercy on him, said: If a believer is pious, his piety will divert him from the shortcomings of people Likewise, the pains of a sick man will distract him from the pains of all other people. 21.Whoever desists from imitating the fools, and turns away from the foolish will safeguard his honor, spare himself their trouble, and be saved from hearing what hurts him {Show forgiveness, enjoin what is good, and turn away from the foolish (i.e. don’t punish them).} [Surat Al-A’râf: 199] {‫}خذ العفو وأمر بالعرف وأَعرض عن الجاهلين‬ ْ َ ِ ِ َ ْ ِ َ ْ ِ ْ َ ِ ْ ُ ْ ِ ْ ُ َ َ ْ َ ْ ِ ُ 199 :‫األعراف‬ Transliteration: Khuthi alAAafwa wamur bialAAurfi waaAArid AAani aljahileena6 http://www.en.wathakker.net
    6. 22.Whosoever leaves envy will be saved from its various harms. Envy is incurable disease, a lethal poison, an outrageous behavior and an evil moral. It is found in inferior relatives, peers, comrades, acquaintance, and friends. A wise man said: “I have not seen an oppressor who is more resembling to the op- pressed than the envier: permanent concerns, inseparable worries and a confused heart.” 23.Whosoever is protected from having miss-suspicion of people will be saved from heart confusion and mind distraction. Miss-suspicion spoils affection, and brings about worry and embarrassment, therefore Allah Glorified and Exalted tells us to beware of suspicion: {O you who believe! Avoid much suspicion; indeed some suspi- cions are sins.} [Surat Al-Hujurât: 13]. {‫}يَا أَيُّها الَّذين آمنوا اجتنبوا كثيراً من الظن إِن بعض الظن إِثْم‬ ٌ ِّ َّ َ ْ َ َّ ِّ َّ َ ِّ ِ َ َُِ ْ ُ َ َ ِ َ 12 :‫الحجرات‬ Transliteration: Ya ayyuha allatheena amanoo ijtaniboo katheeran mina alththanni inna baAAda alththanni ithmun The Prophet, prayers and peace of Allah be upon him, has said: «Beware of miss- suspicion, as it is the most lying of all narratives«. [Narrated by Al-Bukhari] »‫«إياكم والظن فإن الظن أكذب الحديث‬ ‫رواه البخاري‬ 24.Whosoever discards laziness and embarks upon hard work, his ambition will soar up, and his time will be blessed; thus he will gain a lot of good in such a short time. And he who deserts pleasures will get his expectations, and who is addicted to them will regret. 25.Who abandons seeking fame and exhibitionism, Allah will uplift him and fame will come to him dragging its wake. 26.Who avoids being undutiful to his parents and becomes filial obedient, Allah will be pleased with him and will provide him with children, and He will let him enter paradise in the Hereafter. Likewise, the one who avoids breaking off relations with his relatives, and maintain close and friendly relations with them, Allah will increase the means of his subsistence, and will extend his traces, and he is still supported by Allah as long as he continues keeping his relations with them.7 http://www.en.wathakker.net
    7. 27.Who abandons passionate love, and avoids the reasons leading to it; who bears the pangs and torment of the desertion and remoteness of the beloved, and turns wholly to Allah will be provided with consolation and comfort, self-dignity, he will be saved from the anguish, humiliation, and captivity of passionate love. His heart will be filled with freedom, and love of Allah Glorified and Exalted, a love that composes his heart and satisfies its hunger. As the heart is only pleased and content; it enjoys tranquility and serenity but with the worship and the love of its Lord and by return- ing to Him. 28.That one who quits frowning and sullenness, and is characterized with cheerful- ness and smiling, becomes flexible and complaisant; and gains much loving friends and his enemies decrease.The Prophet, prayers and peace of Allah be upon him, has said: »smiling at the face of your fellow Muslim brother is an act of charity«. [Narrated by At-Tirmizi »‫«تبسمك في وجه أخيك لك صدقة‬ ‫رواه الترمذي‬ Ibn ‘Aqîl al-Hanbali said: «Cheerfulness makes the minds sociable. It is of the rea- sons of acceptance, contrary to it is frowning.« Generally speaking, whoever gives up something for the sake of Allah, Allah will substitute him with something better. Award is related to and springs from the type of work. {So whosoever does good equal to the weight of an atom (or a small ant) shall see it. [7]. And whosoever does evil equal to the weight of an atom (or a small ant) shall see it.} [Surat Az- Zalzalah: 7:8] {‫}فمن يَعمل مثقال ذَرة خيراً يَره )7( ومن يَعمل مثقال ذَرة شراً يَره‬ ُ َ ّ َ ٍ َّ َ َ ْ ِ ْ َ ْ َ َ ُ َ ْ َ ٍ َّ َ َ ْ ِ ْ َ ْ َ َ 7-8 :‫الزلزلة‬ Transliteration: Faman yaAAmal mithqala tharratin khayran yarahu (7) Waman yaAA- mal mithqala tharratin sharran yarahu This is an example that whoever gives up something for the sake of Allah, Allah will substitute him with something better.8 http://www.en.wathakker.net
    8. If you want a clear example, which clarifies that whoever gives up something for the sake of Allah, Allah will substitute him with something better; look into the story of Yûsuf (Joseph), peace be upon him, and the wife of Al-’Azîz. She has sought to seduce him, but he denied her firmly and sought refuge in Allah, though many rea- sons have combined for him to disobey Him. He has such reasons that others have not. If these reasons or some of them become possible for another person, he may respond to the seduction. Rather there is an individual who may go by himself vol- untary to the positions of temptations, seeking his own destruction, and returning with manifest loss in this worldly life and the Hereafter, unless Allah saves him with his mercy. As for Yûsuf, peace be upon him, many reasons to commit adultery have been pos- sible for him: 1. He was a young man. Youth is a strong cause for adultery 2. He was single, and has no way to discharge his libido 3. He was a foreigner. It is known that a foreigner is not ashamed in the country of alienation, contrarily to his existence in his homeland, where he would be ashamed among his friends and acquaintance. 4. He was a slave, as he was sold cheaply with few dirhams (silver coins). The re- straint of a slave is not like that of the free person. 5. The woman was beautiful 6. The woman has a high position. 7. She was his owner. 8. There was not any watcher. 9. She had dressed up especially for him. 10. She had closed the doors. 11. It was she who tried to seduce him 12. She was very keen in seducing him 13. She had threatened him if he did not do what she commanded him she would humiliate him.9 http://www.en.wathakker.net
    9. Despite of all such reasons, he was patient, preferring and choosing what Allah has prepared for him. So he got happiness and power in this worldly life, and he would have paradise in the Hereafter. He had become the master, and the wife of Al-’Aziz had become his maid. It was reported that she had said: «Glory to Allah who had made kings into slaves due to their sins, and made slaves into kings because of their acts of obedience«. It behooves the wise firm man to be patient and ponder matters and consequences, preferring not present transient pleasure to the future remaining one. Prayers and peace of Allah be upon our Prophet Muhammad and his family and companions Prepared by: Mohamed ibn Ibrâhîm Al-Hamad Revised to agree with authentic hadeeth Translated by wathakker.net website Arabic Text for the Flyer: http://www.wathakker.net/matwyat/view.php?id=73610 http://www.en.wathakker.net

     
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    Posted by on July 28, 2012 in ISLAM

     

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    Arctic Muslims’ unique dilemma in Ramadan: The Sun never sets here

    Arctic Muslims’ unique dilemma in Ramadan: The Sun never sets here

    How do you observe dawn-to-dusk fasting when there is neither dawn nor dusk?

    It’s a question facing a small but growing number of Muslims celebrating the holy month of Ramadan on the northern tip of Europe, where the the sun barely dips below the horizon at this time of year.

    In Rovaniemi, a northern Finland town that straddles the Arctic Circle at 66 degrees north, the sun rises around 3:20 a.m. and sets about 11:20pm. That means Muslims who observe Ramadan could be required to go without food or drink for 20 hours.

    In a few years, Ramadan will begin even closer to the summer solstice in late June, when the sun doesn’t set at all.

    “We have to use common sense,” said Mahmoud Said, 27, who came to Finnish Lapland from Kenya three years ago.

  • To Said, that means following the fasting hours of the nearest Muslim country: Turkey.

    “It involves 14 or 15 hours of fasting which is okay, it’s not bad,” said Said, who works for a non-governmental organization helping immigrants settle in the area. He estimates there are a little over 100 Muslims in Rovaniemi, mainly from Iraq, Somalia and Afghanistan.

    There is no unanimity on how to deal with the issue, which is becoming more pressing as more Muslim immigrants find their way to sparsely inhabited areas near the Arctic.

    In Alaska, the Islamic Community Center of Anchorage, “after consultation with scholars,” advises Muslims to follow the fasting hours of Makkah, Islam’s holiest city.

    The Dublin-based European Council for Fatwa and Research, however, said Muslims need to follow the local sunrise and sunset, even up north.

    “The debate on how to do this in the north has been on going on for a few years,” said Omar Mustafa, the chairman of the Islamic Association of Sweden. “We fast according to the sun. As long as it is possible to tell dusk from dawn. This applies to 90 per cent of Sweden’s Muslims.”

    The few Muslims who live so far north that they are awash in 24-hour daylight should follow the daylight hours the closest city in Sweden where you can tell dawn from dusk, he said, noting that it’s permitted to break the fast for health reasons.

    Kaltouma Abakar and her extended family of nine relatives came to Finland from Sudan’s Darfur region four years ago. She opts to observe the local Lapland sunrise and sunset times before breaking the fast in her downtown Rovaniemi apartment.

    Kaltouma explains that she gets up early and works until the afternoon, then starts cooking the family’s iftar meal around 5 p.m.

    “The time of Ramadan fasting is very long, and breaking the fast can be around 11:30 in the evening. The time you’re supposed to eat your breakfast is 2 o’clock in the morning,” the 31-year old said.

    In the kitchen, Kaltouma’s two daughters — aged 11 and 6 — help prepare the food. They fry chicken and pastries filled with tuna in scalding hot oil. A pot of rice simmers on the stove while one girl kneads cornmeal dough which they’ll dip into a chicken broth and eat with their fingers — traditional Sudanese style — a few hours later.

    Apart from the late sunset times, Kaltouma said the lack of “Muslim food” locally in Rovaniemi can be a challenge. She sometimes has to wait several days for halal meat and other traditional ingredients to come from the larger cities of Oulu, or Helsinki in the south.

    Even though, technically, there is nightfall in Rovaniemi at this time of year, there is no true darkness. Instead, there’s a grey gloaming with occasional dappled rays of sun reaching over the northern horizon, giving the city a mystical quality even in the supposed dead of night.

    The dates of Ramadan change according to the lunar calendar, moving back 11 days each year. That means that by 2015 there will be no sunset for a month when Ramadan falls closer to midsummer.

    Still, Kaltouma says “there is going to be at least 10 minutes for us to break the fast.”

    She said there is one positive aspect of observing long fasting hours in the Arctic during Ramadan: the cool temperatures.

    “Unlike Africa, here in Finland you don’t get thirsty often. No matter how long you fast, you don’t get the urge for water.”

    Source:http://www.emirates247.com/arctic-muslims-unique-dilemma-in-ramadan-the-sun-never-sets-here-2012-07-24-1.468650

     
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    Pakistani Street Food – Aloo Pakora (vegan potato tempura) and Aloo-chana Chaat (vegan potato and chickpea dish)

    The Marigold Blog

    One of the little pleasures in life that brings me great joy is Pakistani street food. It’s also what I long for often when I think of home. Food stalls in Pakistani bazaars (markets) are like food courts in American mall – many choices and super quick. Only, I think their offerings taste much better than food court grub. When it’s a hundred degrees and you are shopping in a market with no air-conditioning, nothing tastes better than a cold glass of ‘gandeiri ka juice’ (sugarcane juice) or lassi and some aloo-chana chaat (potato and chickpea ‘dish’ – for lack of a better word). We even have a whole street dedicated to street food in Lahore!

    My fondest memories of shopping in Pakistan include some delicious street food. For my wedding favors, I filled spice jars with Chaat masala – an amalgamation of spices including dried mango, cumin, ginger, pepper…

    View original post 541 more words

     

    What is the difference between Qiyam-ul-layl, Tahajjud, and Taraweeh?

    Q: What is the difference between Qiyam-ul-layl, Tahajjud, and Taraweeh?

    Qiyam-ul-layl (Night Prayer): Any Salah performed after isha and sunnah prayers.

    Tahajjud: Any Salah performed after one sleeps during the night.

    Taraweeh: Night prayers performed during the month of Ramadan.
    Qiyam-ul-layl:

    1. Its Virtue:
    Allah سبحانه و تعالى says:
    وَالَّذِينَ يَبِيتُونَ لِرَبِّهِمْ سُجَّدًا وَقِيَامًا
    “And those who spend [part of] the night to their Lord prostrating and standing [in prayer].” (Al-Furqaan 25:64)

    The Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم said:
    “Do not you ever disregard praying at night! Because it was the custom of righteous people before you. Worshipping at night brings one closer to Allah, atones for ones sins, keeps the body from illnesses, and prevents one from performing sinful acts.” (Tirmidhi)

    2. A Sign of Goodness:
    Abdullah ibn Omar (may Allah be pleased with him) for interpretation; let the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم know one of his dreams through Hafsa (may Allah be pleased with her), who was the sister of Abdullah and the wife of the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم. The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said while interpreting the dream: “Abdullah is a great person. Yet, it would be superb if he prayed at night!”
    From that day on, Abdullah never abandoned praying at night. (Bukhari)

    3. The Best time for it:
    The Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم was once asked: “In which part of the night are the worships more likely to be accepted?” He صلى الله عليه و سلم replied: “The worships that are done in the second half of the night.” (Abu Dawood)

    4. To be performed after awaking from sleep:
    The Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم said: “The most virtuous prayer except the obligatory prayers is the one offered by becoming awake after sleep at night.” (Muslim)

    5. Lengthy Standing:
    The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم used to pray at night until his feet would swell. He صلى الله عليه و سلم was once asked: “O Messenger of Allah! Why do you strain yourself though Allah declared in the Qur’an that you were forgiven of all your sins?” He صلى الله عليه و سلم replied: “Should not I be a thanking servant?” (Bukhari)

  • Q: Which is more virtuous in Qiyam-ul-layl, long standing or long sujood?
    Answer: Long standing. Allah سبحانه و تعالى said:
    وَقُومُوا لِلَّهِ قَانِتِينَ
    “and stand before Allāh, devoutly obedient.” (Al-Baqarah 2:238)

    6. Why is it hard to wake up?
    The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said: “When you sleep Satan ties three knots on the back of your neck. He says to each knot ‘let a long night stay with you.’ When you wake up and cite the name of Allah one of the knots unties. When you make ablution another knot unties. Lastly, when you offer a prayer all of the knots untie. Thus, you wake up hale an hearty in the morning. Otherwise you wake up asleep and downhearted.” (Bukhari)

    7. To help one another:
    a. The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said: “If a man wakes up at night and also wakes his wife up to offer two units of prayer together, Allah registers their names among those who remember Allah most.” (Abu Dawood)
    b. He صلى الله عليه و سلم also said: “Let Allah show mercy to the man who wakes up at night to pray , and also wakes his wife up to do so. Let Allah show mercy to the woman who wakes up at night to pray, and also wakes her husband up to do so!”

    8. Sincerity is a must:
    The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said: “There are many who worship at night, yet they get nothing out of it. They just stay awake.” (Ahmad)

    9. Fiqh Scenarios:
    i. Is it possible to pray Qiyam-ul-layl while holding the Qur’an?
    – Yes, it is permissible, but no doubt that reciting from memory is better.
    – Movement should be limited, the less movement the better.
    – It is not acceptable to hold the Qur’an behind an Imam, it invalidates the prayer. (To read more on this: http://www.islam-qa.com/en/ref/52876/ and http://www.islam-qa.com/en/ref/10067 )
    ii. Can someone make du’a in sujood in any language besides Arabic?
    -Yes, according to Abu Hanifa, you can make du’a in any language.
    iii. Is it permissible to perform Qiyam while sitting?
    – Yes, but the reward will be less.

    Salatul Taraweeh (Night Prayers during the month of Ramadan)

    Abu Hurayra (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated, the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said: “Whoever spends the nights of Ramadan offering prayer with a sincere belief and hope that s/he will get reward for it, his/her past sins are forgiven.” (Bukhari and Muslim)

    1. How did Salatul Taraweeh start? In 2 AH, when fasting became obligatory, the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم performed qiyam on his own in the masjid. Some of the companions joined him صلى الله عليه و سلم, then more joined him the next night and more the night after and so on. When it became popular, the Prophet stopped leading the people in qiyam for fear that it would then become obligatory and the people would not be able to do it.

    2. What is the ruling on Salatul Taraweeh? Sunnah Mustahabah (highly recommended)

    3. Where does the name Taraweeh come from? It comes from tarweehah which means the space of rest between every two rak’ah.

    4. How many rak’ah is it? Four opinions:
    1. Eight Rak’ah:
    – Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) said that that Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم never prayed more than eight rak’ah (plus three witr).
    – This was the opinion of Shaykh Al-Albanee (may Allah have mercy on him), he said more than eight is an innovation (bid’ah).
    2. Twenty Rak’ah:
    – Umar ibn Khattab (may Allah be pleased with him) brought the people together to perform Taraweeh and it was performed in twenty rak’ah (However, authenticity of the narrations are disputable) . To read more on this: http://www.islam-qa.com/en/ref/82152/
    3. Thirty-six Rak’ah:
    – Imam Malik said there is no specific number, but thirty-six is the preferred. There is no textual evidence to this opinion.
    4. No specific number:
    – The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم never limited the number, he said: “Night prayer is two by two.”
    – Ibn Taymiyah and Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy on them) did not limit the number of rak’ahs, although, in terms of quality and quantity, they preferred eight rak’ah.
    – Those who leave after eight rak’ah with an Imam who performs twenty do not get the reward mentioned in the saying of the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم : “Whoever stands with the imaam until he finishes, it is equivalent to spending the whole night in prayer.”
    (Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 806; Abu Dawood, 1375; al-Nasaa’i, 1605; Ibn Maajah, 1327. Classed as saheeh by al-Tirmidhi, Ibn Khuzaymah (3/337), Ibn Hibbaan (3/340) and al-Albaani in Irwa’ al-Ghaleel, 447.)

    5. How should it be performed? Two by two units or four? Both are acceptable. However, the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said, “Night prayer is two by two.” (Bukhari and Muslim)

    6. When is the best time for Taraweeh? If in congregation, then after isha. If individually, then in the last part of the night.

    7. Is congregation a prerequisite for Taraweeh? No.

    8. Can someone pray eight rak’ah behind an Imam who prays twenty? Yes.

    9. Is performing it in a Masjid a prerequisite for its validity? No. It is better to pray it individually. However, if praying it individually will make one lazy, then they should pray it with the congregation.

    10. How much of the Qur’an should be recited? It should be done with humility and in a tranquil manner. The recitation should not be too fast.
    Source :http://xeniagreekmuslimah.wordpress.com/2010/08/13/what-is-the-difference-between-qiyam-ul-layl-tahajjud-and-taraweeh/

     
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