What are the outcomes of our Islamic education? What we want out of the Islamic education that we have given to our children. Until now we do not have an outcome base education on the Islamic education that we have imparted to our children. We do not have outcome base Islamic education in our schools. Our teachers only transfer the Islamic education to our children without taking into account the outcomes of the education. We do not know what we want out of the Islamic education that we have given to our children. Islamic educators are not focussing on the outcomes of Islamic education and as a result we do not have muslims with real qualities as muslim in Malaysia. When we are teaching Islamic education without outcomes base in our mind, actually we are wasting our time and the time of our children. What is the purpose of Islamic education? Do we have objectives in our Islamic education? In my opinion the objective of Islamic education is to produce good muslim man and women with qualities desired by Allah. In my opinion we should have eight qualities to be our outcomes in our Islamic education. The eight qualities are Iman or correct belief on there is no God except Allah and Muhammad is the Prophet of Allah, Ilmu or knowledge, Hikmah or wisdom, Ihsan or constantly realising the presence of Allah, Ihtisab or believing in the promises of Allah, Ikhlas or sincerity , Akhlak or good character, Mujahadah or ability to perform sacrifice in the path of Allah to spread Deen. The outcome of our Islamic education should be the attainment of the eight qualities as mentioned above. With the eight qualities, a person will have correct belief or Iman and correct actions or Amal Soleh. Hence make a person known as a muslim. The outcome of our Islamic education is to produce a muslim with qualities loved by Allah.
A person who recited the Great Kalimah, I bear witness there is no God except Allah and I bear witness that Muhammad is the messenger of Allah is said to have entered Islam but Iman has yet entered into his or her heart. This is the first Pillar of Islam. A person is said to have Iman when this Kalimah has entered into his or her heart. This Kalimah will only be in a person heart when that person fulfils the right of the Great Kalimah or the right of the first Pillar of Islam. What is the right of the Great Kalimah? The right of the Great Kalimah is to enjoin good and forbidding the evils. What is the greatest evil done by men towards Allah? The greatest evils done by men towards Allah; men do not want to accept and recognize the presence of Allah as the only God and Muhammad as the last Prophet of God. Because they do not want the recognize Allah as the only God and Muhammad as the last Prophet of God, they do not want to recite the Great Kalimah, I bear witness that there is no God except Allah and I bear witness Muhammad is the Prophet of Allah. On the other hand, the greatest evils done by men who have recited the Great Kalimah; they do not want to invite those who have not recited the Great Kalimah to recite the Great Kalimah and they do not want to perform the five times daily prayers. The right of the Great Kalimah is to invite those who have not recited the Great Kalimah to recite the Great Kalimah and to remind those who have recited the Great Kalimah about the meaning of the Great Kalimah and to invite them to obey the orders of Allah. The first order of Allah to be obeyed by a person who has recited the Great Kalimah is to deliver or preach the Great Kalimah to the non-muslims and second order is to perform the five times daily prayers. When a person who has recited the Great Kalimah fulfils the right of the Kalimah with the intention only to please Allah until Allah is pleased, Allah will instill the Great Kalimah into his or her heart. When the Great Kalimah has entered into the person heart, that person is said to have Iman. When the level of Iman has reached the level desired by Allah, the person is call a true believer or muslims. In order for Iman to increase slowly and reaches the level desired by Allah each and every person has to perform all the five Pillars of Islam, Rukun Islam CLICK. When all the five Pillars of Islam are obeyed in the way of Muhammad saw, the person will attained the six Pillar of Iman, Rukun Iman and the level of Iman desired by Allah. When the level of Iman has reached to the level as desired by Allah the person is known as muslim or a true believer. The sign of a person has become a true believer is that person will have the ability to obey all the obligatory orders of Allah and to leave behind all the actions forbidden by Allah.
Once a person has attained the level of Iman as desired by Allah, Allah will start to bestow upon him the other qualities which are required to become a Mukmin or a real true believer. As the Iman of the person increases, Allah will give him or her quality of Ilmu and Hikmah. What is Ilmu? A person is said to have Ilmu when at any one time, Allah will make him or she knows what is the order of Allah most loved by Allah and Hikmah is at any one time Allah will gives him or her the ability to do the order of Allah most loved by Allah and in the way most loved by Allah, which is the way Prophet Muhammad saw. Ilmu is given by Allah to a person with Iman and the more Iman the person has the more Ilmu will be given to him or her. Ilmu is the understanding of Islam and the ability to make the correct interpretation of the Quran and Hadith. Many people who learn about Quran and Hadith are not given the understanding of Quran and Hadith because they do not have Iman. When a person who has no Iman learn about Islam, he or she will not be having the understanding of Islam but only the information about Islam. A non-muslim can learn about Islam but will not have the understanding about Islam. When a person who does not have the correct understanding about Islam makes interpretation about Islam, the interpretation will be incorrect and deviated. We should not learn the Quran and the Hadith before we have acquired the level of Iman as desired by Allah. Hazrat Umar may Allah be pleased with him said in the approximate meaning that we must learn Iman first before we learn Quran. Many people learn Quran and Hadith before they acquire Iman and many people call them scholars or ulama of Islam. Many of such ulama make wrong interpretation about Quran and Hadith and many people follow the interpretation of these ulama and become deviated. Tun Dr Mahathir used to say that Islam is good but because of the many wrong interpretation made by the so call Islamic scholars made the followers of Islam has become backward and non- progressive.
The next quality that Allah will bestow upon a person with an increase of Iman is the quality of sincerity or Ikhlas, Ihsan, and Ihtisab. Ikhlas is the quality of being able to do any actions only with the intention of pleasing Allah. Ihsan is the quality of being able to perceive at all time that Allah is watching at him or her. Ihtisab is the quality of having great faith in the promises given by Allah. What is the difference between Ikhlas and Ihtisab? When we do the orders of Allah with the intention of getting the rewards promised by Allah we are not sincere. We will have sincerity when we obey the orders of Allah only with the intention of obtaining the pleasure of Allah. We have to have faith in the promises given by Allah when we obey the orders of Allah but we are not to obey the orders of Allah with the intention of obtaining the rewards promised by Allah. Since Ikhlas or sincerity is another name of Iman, only a person with correct level of Iman will be given by Allah the quality of Ikhlas. Allah gives Ikhlas and Ihtisab only to those who have Iman. A person who has not Iman, will not have Ikhlas, Ihtisab and Ihsan as all these qualities are given only when a person has Iman as desired by Allah. A person who does not have Iman will not have Ikhlas, Ihsan and Ihtisab. A person with weak Iman, when he or she obeys the orders of Allah, he or she will not be able to do it with the intention of pleasing Allah or Ikhlas. They may have other intentions such as to get rewards promised by Allah, becoming famous or obtaining material gains. Any amal done with the intention other than the intention to obtain the pleasure of Allah is not a sincere action and will not be accepted by Allah. When a person has correct Iman, he or she will obey the orders of Allah with the intention of pleasing Allah [Ikhlas], having faith in the promises of Allah[Ihtisab] and constantly realising that Allah is watching [Ihsan] over him or her. A person who has no Iman will do the orders of Allah but with other intention other than to gain the pleasure of Allah. A person with weak Iman may have many amals but all the amals are done with the intention other than to obtain the pleasure of Allah. Prophet Muhammad saw said with the approximate meaning; peoples who make effort to increase their amals but not to increase their Iman are fools. Many are fools, because they concentrate in increasing their amals but not their Iman.
As Iman increases, Allah will bestow upon him the character like the character of Prophet Muhammad saw. Akhlak or good character like Prophet Muhammad saw is bestowed upon a person who has correct Iman. When correct Iman begins, the good character comes. What is Akhlak? A person with Akhlak is a person who will do good to others even to those who have done bad to him and the intention of doing good to others is only to please Allah [Ikhlas]. Only a person with the quality of humbleness will be able to have good character and only a person with correct Iman will have the quality of humbleness. There are many peoples who do good to others but their intention is not to please Allah. Most peoples will do good to others so that others will do good to them. Only people with Iman will do good to others with the intention of pleasing Allah [Ikhlas]. Others who have no Iman will do good to others but with the intention of gaining materialistic gains and this is known as business and not Akhlak. The person with the best Akhlak is Prophet Muhammad saw as Prophet Muhammad saw is a person with the best Iman. When a person does good to us we must also do good to that person and if we cannot do good to him, at least we avoid doing harm to that person who had done good to us. A truly good person will always do good to others particularly to those who have done good to him and also to those who has done bad to him.
As Iman increases, Allah will bestow upon him or her qualities of giving sacrifices in the path of Allah [Mujahadah]. A person with a very strong Iman will have the belief that everything that he or she has is belong to Allah. A person with a very strong Iman will not hesitate to give sacrifices in the path of Allah, even to the extent of giving sacrifices of his or her own lifes in the path of Allah. In the path of Allah mean in the path taken by our Prophet Muhammad saw. What is the path taken by our Prophet Muhammad saw and his companions? The path taken by our Prophet and his companions is the path of calling peoples to Allah CLICK. Calling peoples to Allah means to call those who have not recited the Great Kalimah to recite the Great Kalimah and to those who have recited the Great Kalimah, to remind them about the meaning of the Great Kalimah and to invite them to obey the orders of Allah, particularly the first and the second order of Allah. Initially we have to invite them to Allah with kind words and wisdom and in case they refuse, we will continue to invite them with our heart, which means we make doa or prayers to them. When Allah bestows power to us, we have to use the power to invite the entire King and the Rulers of the world who are not muslims to Islam with kind words and wisdom like Muhammad saw and his campanions used to do 1500 years ago. When they refused to embrace Islam, we must ask them to pay Jizyah and to allow us to do the work of calling their peoples to Allah. When they refuse to pay Jizyah and to allow us to do the work of Dakwah to their peoples, a war or Jihad has to be wage on those army and the rulers only and not to the ordinary peoples or publics. For this, a call for Jihad should be made to all muslims. At that time muslims with strong Iman will have the ability to do sacrifices in the path of Allah with the intention to please Allah. Similarly if any muslims in any part of the world disobeyed the obligatory orders of Allah, they must be asked to obey the orders of Allah with kind words and wisdom. If they persist in disobedience, a Jihad has to be waged against them until they come to obedience of Allah.
Islamic education must produce the eight outcomes in the students of Islamic studies. The presence of the eight outcomes in graduates of Islamic studies indicates our success in producing the right syllabus of Islamic education to our children. When we cannot have the eight outcomes in the graduates who study Islamic studies, the syllabus and the way it is delivered and assessed must be reviewed. Everyone who learns about Islam must learn and do the Five Pillars of Islam. This is the basic of Islam and the most fundamental is the first Pillar of Islam.
Prof. Dr. Nasoha Saabin
Dean of Faculty of Optometry
International University College of Technology Twintech
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia