|The Order for Tawhid and the Refutation of Shirk
تنزيل الكتاب من الله العزيز الحكيم
The revelation of the Qur’an is from Allah, the Exalted in Might, the Wise.
إنا أنزلنا إليك الكتاب بالحق فاعبد الله مخلصا له الدين
Indeed, We have sent down to you the Book, [O Muhammad], in truth. So worship Allah , [being] sincere to Him in religion.
ألا لله الدين الخالص والذين اتخذوا من دونه أولياء ما نعبدهم إلا ليقربونا إلى الله زلفى إن الله يحكم بينهم في ما هم فيه يختلفون إن الله لا يهدي من هو كاذب كفار
Unquestionably, for Allah is the pure religion. And those who take protectors besides Him [say], “We only worship them that they may bring us nearer to Allah in position.” Indeed, Allah will judge between them concerning that over which they differ. Indeed, Allah does not guide he who is a liar and [confirmed] disbeliever.
|Allah tells us that the revelation of this Book, which is the magnificent Qur’an, is from Him, and is truth in which there is no doubt whatsoever. This is like the Ayat:|
﴿وَإِنَّهُ لَتَنزِيلُ رَبِّ الْعَـلَمِينَ – نَزَلَ بِهِ الرُّوحُ الاٌّمِينُ – عَلَى قَلْبِكَ لِتَكُونَ مِنَ الْمُنْذِرِينَ – بِلِسَانٍ عَرَبِىٍّ مُّبِينٍ ﴾
(And truly, this is a revelation from the Lord of the creatures, which the trustworthy Ruh (Jibril) has brought down upon your heart that you may be (one) of the warners, in the plain Arabic language.) (26:192-195)
﴿إِنَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ بِالذِّكْرِ لَمَّا جَآءَهُمْ وَإِنَّهُ لَكِتَـبٌ عَزِيزٌ – لاَّ يَأْتِيهِ الْبَـطِلُ مِن بَيْنِ يَدَيْهِ وَلاَ مِنْ خَلْفِهِ تَنزِيلٌ مِّنْ حَكِيمٍ حَمِيدٍ ﴾
(And verily, it is a mighty Book. Falsehood cannot come to it from before it or behind it, (it is) sent down by the All-Wise, Worthy of all praise.) (40: 41,42) And Allah says here:
﴿تَنزِيلُ الْكِتَـبِ مِنَ اللَّهِ الْعَزِيزِ﴾
(The revelation of this Book is from Allah, the Almighty,) meaning, the Almighty, All-Powerful.
(the All-Wise.) meaning, in all that He says, does, legislates and decrees.
﴿إِنَّآ أَنزَلْنَآ إِلَيْكَ الْكِتَـبَ بِالْحَقِّ فَاعْبُدِ اللَّهَ مُخْلِصاً لَّهُ الدِّينِ ﴾
(Verily, We have sent down the Book to you in truth. So, worship Allah by doing religious deeds sincerely for Him only.) means, so worship Allah Alone with no partner or associate, and call mankind to that, and teach them that it is not right to worship anyone or anything except Him Alone, and He has no partner, equal or rival. Allah says:
﴿أَلاَ لِلَّهِ الدِّينُ الْخَالِصُ﴾
(Surely, the religion is for Allah only.) meaning, He will not accept any deed unless it is done purely and sincerely for Him Alone, with no partner or associate. Then Allah tells us that the idolators say:
﴿مَا نَعْبُدُهُمْ إِلاَّ لِيُقَرِّبُونَآ إِلَى اللَّهِ زُلْفَى﴾
(We worship them only that they may bring us near to Allah.) meaning what motivates them to worship them is the fact that they made their idols in the image of the angels — or so they claim — and when they worship those images it is like worshipping the angels, so that they will intercede with Allah for them to help and give them provision and other worldly needs. As far as the resurrection is concerned, they denied it and did not believe in it. Qatadah, As-Suddi and Malik said, narrating from Zayd bin Aslam and Ibn Zayd:
﴿إِلاَّ لِيُقَرِّبُونَآ إِلَى اللَّهِ زُلْفَى﴾
(only that they may bring us near to Allah. ) means, “So that they may intercede for us and bring us closer to Him.” During Jahiliyyah, they used to recite the following for their Talbiyah when they performed Hajj; “At Your service, You have no partner except the partner You have; he and all that he owns belong to You.” This pretentious argument which the idolators of all times, ancient and modern, used as evidence is what the Messengers, may the blessings and peace of Allah be upon them all, came to refute and forbid, and to call people to worship Allah Alone with no partner or associate. This is something that the idolators themselves invented; Allah did not give them permission for it, nor does He approve of it; indeed, He hates it and forbids it.