The swalaat (namaz) of Taraaweeh during the Ramadwaan
As Allah ta’ala did precise us, it is during the sacred month of Ramadwaan that the holy Koran was revealed. The companions of the holy Prophet witnessed that it was during this great blessed month that the holy Prophet was reading the holy Koran more.
Hazrat Ibné Mas’oud (r.a) repports that the holy Prophet said: « For each alphabet of the holy Koran that someone read, he receive one (1) “neki” and one “neki” is equal to 10 “thawaabs”, I don’t say that alif-laam-meem is an alphabet, but that alif is an alphabet, laam is an alphabet and meem is an alphabet » (ref. Tirmizi & Mishkaat).
During the Ramadwaan, this neki is doubled. According to a hadith, the one who accomplish a sunnat or nafil during Ramadwaan, it is considered as if he accomplished a faraz namaz of other months and when he accomplish a faraz namaz during Ramadwaan, it is as if he made 70 (seventy) faraz namaz of other months.
The heart of the believer get tranquility (sukoun) with the lecture and listening of the holy Koran. It is a book that, the more we read it, the more we want to read and listen to more. Contrary to the other worldly (dunya) books that when you have read it once, you don’t want to read it once more. Whereas the holy Koran, the sacred words of Allah, even if you read it several times, you will never get bored.
It happens unfortunately that we don’t have sufficient time in our daily life to spend in tilaawat-ul-Quraan and see how Allah ta’ala send his “fazlo-karam” (supreme favour) upon his servants, on the people (ummah) of the holy Prophet during this great blessed month since we have the great occasion to benefit from tilaawat (lecture) of Qur’aan shareef during the namaz of Tarâwîh. It is said that the one who listen to the lecture of the Qur’aan earn the same thawaabs as the one who read.
Hazrat Abu Huraÿrah (r.a) repports that the holy Prophet said: « The one who accomplish the namaz of Taraweeh with sincerity and faith, will receive the forgiveness of his passed sins » (ref. Muslim & Mishkaat).
The namaz we accomplish during the Ramadwaan after the namaz Ishaa is called the Taraaweeh. In the mosques, is done in congregation (jama’at). The arabic word “taraaweeh” is the plural of the word “tarweeha” which means “rest”. Because sahâba-e-kiraams (companions of the holy Prophet and the taabi’eens (generation who came after the sahabas) used to take a little rest (a little pause) after each 4 raka’ats while performing the Taraweeh.
Some think that Taraweeh consist of 8 raka’ats, but it’s not the case for the following reasons: if we accomplish only 8 raka’ats, there will be only one (1) rest (pause) or a maximum of two, in this case in Arabic language, we would call this “tarweehatan” in spite of taraweeh. Whereas in the case of 20 raka’ats, we obtain more rests (pauses) and thus it can be called “taraweeh”.
The sahaaba-e-kiraams (r.a) all agreed that the Taraweeh much consist of 20 raka’ats. According to a hadith rapported by Hazrat Abdullah Ibne ‘Abbass (r.a), Nabi-e-kareem used to accomplish 20 raka’ats during the month of Ramadwaan. (ref. Tibrani & Baihiqi). It is thus a Sunnat-e-Mu’aqada.
At the time of Hazrat ‘Umar Faarooq (r.a), the 2nd caliph of Islam, one used to accomplish the namaz of Taraweeh in 20 raka’ats in congregation (jama’at) and this principle was brought to the time of the 3rd et 4th caliphs, Hazrat ‘Uthmaan-e-Ghani (r.a) et Hazrat ‘Ali (r.a).
We quote hereby the maslas (rules) which regard namaz-e-Taraweeh :
– The namaz Taraweeh is sunnat mu’aqada for men and women (according to the Hanafi rite). They must not neglect it.
– Men must accomplish it in congregation (jama’at) at the mosque and ladies without jama’at (isolated) at home.
The Taraweeh consist of 20 raka’ats in 10 salaams (2 by 2 raka’ats). After each 4 raka’ats it is mustahab (recommanded) to ake a short pause which can last as long as the time spent to accomplish these 4 raka’ats.
The time of Taraweeh begins after namaz Ishaa, and last till subha-saadiq (dawn), but it is better to do it before midnight (which means before Tahajjud).
– The one who has not accomplished the namaz faraz of Ishaa, has not the right to do neither the Taraweeh nor the Witr as long as he has not done the faraz of Ishaa.
– During the Ramadwaan, it is preferable to do the Witr in jama’at, after having done the Ishaa in jama’at.
– The one who do the namaz Ishaa alone (without jama’at), will have to do the Witr alone (without jama’at).
– The one who missed part of the Taraweeh and that the Imaam already stood to do the Witr, will be able to do the Witr in jama’at provided to have done the faraz-Ishaa in jama’at. He will then have to replace the number of raka’ats of Taraweeh he missed. He can also do the Witr alone after having replaced his Taraweeh.
– It is makruh (disadvised) to do the Taraweeh in the sitting position without a valid reason (according to the shari’ah).
– The muqtadees (those who accomplish the namaz behind the Imam) have not the right to sit and wait for the Imaam to go to the ruku to get in the namaz. This action is condemnable and is compared to the hypocrites (munaafiqeens). Allah says in the holy Koran that the hypocrites stand in namaz with idleness. [Sourah 4-Verse 142].
– To do a Khatam-ul-Qur’aan (complete recitation of the holy Koran) once during the Ramadwaan is sunnat-mu’aqada. To do it 2 times is better and 3 times is best.
– It is permitted to read the small sourahs (sourates) in Taraweeh when we cannot do a complete khatam of the holy Koran.
– Alike in namaz (faraz, sunnat, etc…) there are faraïzs (obligatory conditions of namaz) and waajibaats (necessary conditions of namaz), the same conditions exist in Taraweeh. Le Taraweeh will not be valid (that is, won’t be accepted by Allah) if the conditions are not respected. For exemple, when people hurry and don’t do the ruku and the sajdah correctly.
– Shabina : When we do shabina in the Taraweeh (a complete khatam-ul-Qur’aan during a single night of Taraweeh), we must do it strictly and respectfully, which means it is not permitted that people spend their time out of the namaz and come back to get in when the Imaam will go to the ruku. This way of doing is haraam (prohibited).
May Allah ta’ala give us all the tawfeeq (the good occasion) to read and/or listen to the tilaawat (recitation) of the Qur’aan-shareef (holy Koran) correctly according to the shari’ah and may we respect this great blessed and sacred book.